Good Code is a weekly podcast about ethics in our digital world. We look at ways in which our increasingly digital societies could go terribly wrong, and speak with those trying to prevent that. Each week, host Chine Labbé engages with a different expert on the ethical dilemmas raised by our ever-more pervasive digital technologies. Good Code is a dynamic collaboration between the Digital Life Initiative at Cornell Tech and journalist Chine Labbé.
On this episode:
Victims of intimate partner violence (or IPV, as the acronym goes) can be abused in the digital realm long after they’ve parted ways with their abusers. They can be found in shelters because of a compromised account or shared family account, they can be surveilled through a children’s device, etc.
Online abuse in these cases is often mundane, requiring no sophisticated hacker. Instead, it is made possible by the entanglements that exist between the abuser and his or her victim.
Our guest Diana Freed, a PhD student at Cornell Tech, is part of a group of researchers at Cornell Tech, Cornell and NYU who study technology safety and security for these victims, and work on ways to mitigate such abuse.
We talked about:
- In this episode, Diana Freed describes the work she does as part of a group of researchers studying technology-enabled domestic violence. Read all about this group’s work on their website.
- Once a week, Freed offers a tech consult to victims of domestic violence at family justice centers in NYC. These centers are run by the Mayor’s office to end domestic and gender-based violence. Read about them, and the other services they offer, here.
- In this episode, Freed talks about “dual-use apps”, apps that are not designed for that purpose, but that can also be used by abusers to spy on their partners : Find My Friends for instance, or apps that are designed to keep track of a children’s whereabouts. Read this New York Times article on the topic, which cites the work of the group of researchers Diana Freed belongs to.
- In my intro, I also mention an article called “A stalker’s paradise”, co-authored by Diana Freed. It gives a good overview of the different ways in which abusers “exploit technologies to intimidate, threaten, monitor, impersonate, harass, or otherwise harm their victims.”
- Vice has a multi-part investigative series on surveillance software and its use by ordinary people “to spy on their loved ones”. Find it here.
- Eva Galperin, director of cybersecurity at the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), also works on eradicating stalkerware or “spouseware”. Read this article on her work in Wired. “Full access to someone’s phone is essentially full access to someone’s mind,” Galperin says in that piece.
- In this piece published by Slate in March 2018, researcher Karen Levy, from Cornell University, summarizes what Diana Freed explains in this episode. “Though some do install surreptitious ‘spouseware’ to monitor their victims without consent, it’s much more common to abuse victims digitally in ways that don’t require any high-tech skill,” she says. And because digital abuse is often mundane: “Rather than designing elaborate tools to counter sophisticated attackers, we should focus more energy on the ways these abuses really happen,” she says.